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MLA Citation Guide (8th Edition): Live Performances

Abbreviating Months

In your Works Cited list, abbreviate months as follows: 

January = Jan.
February = Feb.
March = Mar.
April = Apr.
May = May
June = June
July = July
August = Aug.
September = Sept.
October = Oct.
November = Nov.
December = Dec.

Spell out months fully in the body of your paper. 


Access Date

Works from the web can be changed or removed at any time, so it is important to include the date you accessed the material in your citation. This is optional, but is especially important when there is no date specifying when the item (web document, article, webpage) was produced. Add the access date to the end of your citation, e.g., Accessed 23 July 2019.


The format of all dates is: Day Month (shortened) Year, e.g., 5 Sept. 2012.

Write the full date as you find it on the source. If there is only a year listed, you will only put the year in your citation. For others, you will also include a month and day if they are given.

If there is no date listed, just leave it out unless you can find that information available in a reliable source. In that case the date is cited in square brackets to show that you found that information somewhere else, e.g., [2008]


Capitalize the first letter of every important word in the title. You do not need to capitalize words such as: in, of, or an.

If there is a colon (:) in the title, include what comes after the colon (also known as the subtitle).


Note: For your Works Cited list, all citations should be double-spaced and have a hanging indent.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

Live Theatre Production

 Author/Playwright. Title of Play. Directed by Director's Name, performance by Major Performer's Name, Theater Company, Date of Production, Name of Theater, City (if not in the theater name).

 Note: Date of access is now optional in MLA 8th edition. If no publication date is included, we recommend including the date you watched the play (Date of Production) (MLA Handbook, p. 53).

Works Cited List Example

Deines, Michelle, and Lewis Carroll. Lost in Wonderland. Directed by Michelle Deines, performance by Anastasia Chung, et al., A CapU Theatre Production, 28 Nov 2022, BlueShore@CapU, North Vancouver.

In-Text Citation Example


(Deines and Carroll)

For more information on citing videos found online, check out the MLA website

Live Musical Concert (Individual)

Performer. Concert. Date of Performance, Name of Venue/Location, City (if not in the venue name).

Works Cited List Example

Lizzo. The Special Tour. 7 Nov 2022, Rogers Arena, Vancouver.

Ma, Yo-yo. Yo-yo Mah Plays Dvorak. 16 Nov 2022, Roy Thompson Hall, Toronto.


In-text Citation Example




Learn more: See the MLA Handbook, pp. 24, 28, 30, 33, 38, 43-44, and 57.

Live Musical Concert (Group)

Title of Performance. Concert (omit if 'concert' is in title). Performance by Name of Group or Major Performers, Date of Performance, Name of Venue/Location, City (if not in the venue name).

Works Cited List Example

Christmas with Chor Leoni. Concert. Performance by Chor Leoni, Conducted by Erick Lichte,16 Dec 2022, St Andrews-Wesley United Church, Vancouver.

The Unity Tour. Performance by New Order and Pet Shop Boys, 16 Oct 2022, Rogers Arena, Vancouver

If the performance does not have a formal title, make a descriptive one, but do not italicize it. 

Classical Masterworks performed by Capilano Instrumental Ensemble. 1 Dec 2022, BlueShore@CapU, North Vancouver.

In-Text Citation Example

(First words of performance title)


(Unity Tour)