The MLA Style Guide does not provide guidance for citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers. In the spirit of reconciliation, the following guidance has been developed by Norquest College Library and Ryerson University Library and Archives.
Unlike most other personal communications, Elders and Knowledge Keepers should be cited in-text and in the Works Cited list.
|Works Cited List Example
Cardinal, Delores. Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. 4 Apr. 2004.
|In-Text Citation Example
Note: If you would like to approach an Elder or Knowledge Keeper for teachings, remember to follow protocol or if you are unsure what their protocol is, please ask them ahead of time.