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Cite It!: Harvard

When Should I Cite?

You need to include a citation whenever your work contains or refers to someone else's:

  • ideas
  • words
  • images
  • media
  • sounds

In-line citations or foot/endnotes (depending on the assigned citation style) should be inserted at the point-of-use in your assignment and indicate that the information you just presented came from a source other than your own brain or common knowledge.

A bibliography and/or works cited section should be included at the end of your assignment.


  • Lists all the outside works you consulted for the assignment.

Works Cited

  • Lists all the works you referred to with formal citations (in-line or foot/endnotes) in your assignment.

There are hundreds of bibliographic styles, each with its own precise formatting. The most popular at CapU are MLA and APA.

When you don't know - ASK!

If you have any questions about citations or academic integrity that are not answered on these pages, be sure to ask for clarification from: